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Before you slather on your favorite shade of red lipstick or apply the same mascara you’ve been loving for the last three months, you may want to think twice. Hidden threats are hiding in yourmakeup bag that could be hazardous to your health. Besides contamination from germs and daily dirt and grime, we also have to worry about potential allergens and scary chemicals that have been linked to cancer, respiratory illness, and even birth defects.

Read on for three health threats that could be hiding in your go-to cosmetics. 

1. Dirty makeup brushes: “Brushes need to be cleaned at least monthly,” says dermatologist Joel Schlessinger, MD, founder “If they aren’t, they become dirty and full of bacteria from constantly touching our skin.”

He recommends utilizing a disposable brush system such as Klix, so you don’t have to worry about regular cleaning. But if you’ve invested in professional makeup brushes, cleaning them once a week is the best way to keep them soft and make them last longer.

Here’s how to clean your brushes: Wet the hairs under the faucet with tepid to warm water. Use a mild shampoo (baby shampoo works great) or liquid hand soap and gently press it through the hairs with your fingers, adding a little water as you go. Rinse and repeat until the water runs clear. Make sure the hairs are pointing down the entire time.

After your brushes are clean, rub them a little on a clean paper towel and lay them to dry on their side. Never leave them to dry with the brush hairs up or in a brush holder. The water can run down in to the ferrule and loosen the glue holding the brush together over time.

2. Fragrance allergies: “Be careful if you smell a strong fragrance in your product and then break out from it,” Dr. Schlessinger warns. According to the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI), nearly 22 percent of those patch tested for allergies react to chemicals in cosmetics. Fragrance and preservatives in cosmetics caused the most allergic reactions. If you experience any type of allergic reaction, stop using the product right away.

3. Harmful ingredients: What’s even scarier than sickness-causing germs? Sickness-causing chemicals with names you can’t even pronounce. Even more scary? There’s a good chance you’re unknowingly putting them on your face every day. Time to start checking those labels!

Parabens, or preservatives used to increase the life of products, are found in many cosmetics, including powder, foundation, blush , and eye pencils.

“These are ‘endocrine disruptors,’ meaning that they can wreak havoc with the hormonal system and are even being potentially linked to breast cancer tumors,” says Dr. Aaron Tabor, Healthy Directions Physician and Researcher. “They may be listed as methyl, butyl, ethyl, or propyl so these are all words to watch out for.”

Other dangerous ingredients? Lead is a known contaminant in hundreds of cosmetic products such as foundation, lipsticks , and nail polish. “Lead is a potent neurotoxin that can cause severe memory and behavior problems as well as hormonal disruption leading to menstrual problems,” Dr. Tabor says.

Women’s Holistic Health Coach Nicole Jardim warns against some other potential hazards such as phthalates (found mostly in perfume and fragrances), sodium lauryl sulfate (found in shampoos and face washes), toluene (a solvent used in nail polishes and hair dyes), talc (an anti-caking agent found inface powder , blush, eye shadow, and deodorant that’s a known carcinogen), and propylene glycol (commonly found in shampoo, conditioner, acne treatments, moisturizer, mascara, and deodorant).

Finally, be wary of products labeled as ‘organic.’ “Just because it’s organic does not necessarily mean that it’s safe. Always check the ingredients first,” says Seattle-based physician Dr. Angie Song.


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